Competition Topic: City Puzzle & Puzzle City
Over the course of the century, there has been an alarming surge in the global urban population.The surprising similarities of modern cities across the planet earth deems it is necessary to consider the impacts of growth on people and on the environment. The analysis and understanding of the interaction between cities, architectures and inhabitants; and how we chose to shape our cities, buildings and public spaces will indeed determine and relate to many other facts that will help determine our approach to future cities. Under such circumstances, it makes people think what shall be the true concern of man in general, and what shall be the concern in architecture profession in particular? This is a question worth pondering.
In this year’s UIA-HYP CUP 2020 International Student Competition in Architectural Design, the subject “City Puzzle & Puzzle City” was proposed, aims at searching and constructing human space with a spirit of place, four squared plots were chosen as the competition area, each plot 200 meters by 200 meters. Participants shall design mixed-use buildings per plot for around 8.000-32.000 inhabits in Yangliuqing, Tianjin, P. R. China. With relatively high density, the area’s function shall be focused on Media and Culture, contributing to future urban typologies and stimulating design creativity as well.
A total number of 448 works from home and abroad were submitted to participate the competition. The designers gave full play to their design talent, broke through the limitations and bottlenecks of existing urban design development, and interpreted the new city in their eyes from different perspectives. After several hours and multiple rounds of the review, the result was finalized. 1 first prize, 3 second prizes and 8 third prizes and 14 honorable mentions were selected.
Group Photo of Juries and Guests© CBC
The increasing demand for highly mixed urban functions diversifies the building and urban density, which, as a result, symbolizing the Pennant Puzzle liked fun urban place in the city. The varied building density, when integrated with diverse building functions, makes complexes that can cater to varied needs. The uncertainties of city puzzle are challenging people’s understanding of the city, but they also bring endless opportunities and possibilities, creating a puzzle city to be revealed.
First Prize Work: Oldcity Pacemaker
Students: HUANG Luyao, WANG Jupeng, LIU Jixin, ZHENG Xiaoqi
School: Wuhan University of Technology, Henan University of Science and Technology, Hebei Engineering University, Quanzhou Normal University
Adviser: WANG Shiliang, LI Jingyi
First Prize Work Oldcity Pacemaker ©
HUANG Luyao, WANG Jupeng, LIU Jixin, ZHENG Xiaoqi
The design is based on the narrow streets and low density of the ancient city of Xi'an, trying to transform and innovate the city plan with a new perspective and an unique architectural design method. In terms of residential building design, in order to create a familiar atmosphere for the original residents in a new city, the original urban texture is extract for the design of the new building plans, gray space design and space stacking design are also used to solve the problems caused by the narrow streets. In terms of the city design, according to different groups of people have different needs for the environment and functions, different residential groups are formed according to the original city texture. And each residential group is reasonably distributed on the entire city texture to complete the division of building functions.
Comment from the Jury Chairman: Wolf D. Prix,
Although the design proposal has a rather conventional way of thinking on urban planning, yet it proposed the possibility for combining both high-density and low-density structures in the city. It shows the possibility how to design a future city, namely offering the potential to implant and increase diversities into the otherwise always mono-functional urban situation. Moreover, the design proposal somehow refers to Yona Friedman's urban planning utopian idea, makes the proposal even more interesting.
Second Prize Works and the Design Interpretations
The design consists of modular components which can plug together in any required arrangement. It has 6 modules; Residential Duplex, Residential-Commercial Hybrid, Residential-Cultural Hybrid, Towers, Metro and Farms. The presence of the Towers allow for this rich collective mode of living to occur as they absorb the majority of the population whilst taking up minimal ground space. The farm modules focus on aeroponics and use recycled rainwater.
Brick, concrete, steel and glass are the only materials needed to develop these units. The homogeneity of simple materials for easy assembly make these units affordable and viable for mass production which provides a fast and easy solution to the rapid population growth of Shanghai.
Guanlan Antique Market is a special and important historical and geographical node in Shenzhen. Not only is there the only wooden arcade street and alleys in Shenzhen Hakka, but also the unique and social Hakka Street Ancient Ruins in Guangdong. The ancient market survived the drastic changes of the times, surrounded by noisy contemporary commercial districts, forming a "huge and complicated" space that needs to be reintegrated.
Due to rapid urbanization, Shenzhen is a very collage place, and the urban-village in Shenzhen is the most typical place for collage. If collage represents a form of freedom, anti-capital, and suitable for growth. Then a continuous and ultimate utopia will be collaged in the Guanlan Ancient Market and the surrounding urban-village area.
It is a new drifting network that is malleable and has many public spaces, superimposed on the old spatial order; so it will be a cloud form. We can set the material framework of the spontaneous city (the “building assembly” designed) based on the existing scenarios and relics of Guanlan, given the background environment and opportunities for spontaneous growth (policy, economy, ecology, supplements, etc.); Form a collectively created society.
Derived Settlements-Inclined Alley and Folding Houses (10* space)
The group planned an urban settlement in the form of local original ancient town settlements with the original subway station as the center. The hollow shape of the settlement group and the overlapping of the short bridge enclose the space atmosphere with special light and shadow effects. Through the changes of concave-convex shape and the combination of space components in the settlement make it a comprehensive derived settlement with photovoltaic panel electricity, hydro-energy self-sufficient system and multifunctional clusters.
Third Prize-winning Works
The final review meeting was hosted by KONG Yuhang, Dean and Professor of the School of Architecture, Tianjin University. Six international juries joined the final discussion session online and evaluated the final entries with the attending 9 juries on site. After one-hour active discussion, winning works were finally selected.
UIA-HYP CUP 2020 International Student Competition
City Puzzle & Puzzle City
Prize and Award
First Prize (1 team)
Certificate and 100,000 RMB (approx.15, 000 USD) (before tax);
Second Prize (3 teams)
Certificate and 30,000 RMB (approx.4, 500 USD) (before tax);
Third Prize (8 teams)
Certificate and 10,000 RMB (approx. 1, 500 USD) (before tax);
Honorable Mentions (several teams)
Certificate and 6-month free subscription of UED magazine;
Advisors of prize-winning projects will also be awarded with certificates.
Hosting Organizations: School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Urban Environment Design (UED) Magazine
Co-hosting Organization: The School of Architecture of Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)
Wolf D. Prix
Co-founder, Design Principal and CEO of COOP HIMMELB(L)AU
Executive Jury Chairman
Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering; National Engineering Survey and Design Master; Honorary President and Chief Architect of China Architecture Design Group
Organizing Committee Chairman
Dean and Professor of the School of Architecture, Tianjin University
Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, Domestic Engineering Survey and Design Master; President and Chief Architect of Architectural Design and Research Institute of Tsinghua University
Dean of the School of Architecture, Polytechnic University of Milan
Dean, Professor of the College of Architecture and Urban Planning, Tongji University
Associate Dean, Professor of University College London (UCL) Bartlett School of Architecture
Dean, Professor of the School of Architecture, Southeast University
Editor-in-Chief of DETAIL Architecture Magazine
Distinguished Professor of Yangtze River Scholars, Dean and Professor of School of Architecture, South China University of Technology
Founder of Nieto Sobejano Arquitectos, Winner of 2015 Alvar Aalto Medal
Dean，Professor of the School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology
Founder of Estudio Carme Pinós
Chief Editor of Urban Environment Design (UED) Magazine; Guest Professor of the School of Architecture, Tianjin University, Director of CBC (China Building Centre).
Chairman of the Board and General Manager of HYP-ARCH Architectural Design Consultant CO., LTD.